The Dangers Of Kerosene
With no access to electricity people are forced to rely on kerosene lamps which pose significant health impacts, due both to chronic illness resulting from inhalation of fumes and to risk of injury due to fire. There is evidence that exposure to the lamps, which are used indoors and in close proximity to people, impairs lung function and increases the risk for respiratory disease, cancer, eye problems, and infectious disease, including tuberculosis.
Kerosene lamps also pose safety and fire risks. Kerosene is highly flammable and there is a high risk of accidents, burns, and even fatalities associated with lamp use. In Nigeria, for instance, thousands of people are maimed each year by lamp explosions, with a 13% fatality rate. In India, 2.5 million people suffer severe burns caused by overturned kerosene lamps each year. Kerosene lamps are expensive to operate. Kerosene is costly both for low income households that buy it, and for governments that subsidize it.